Grasses

Grasses are the mainstay of almost every effort to establish new planting, and typically make up more than 80% of all seed planted.
Common Name Scientific Name Precipitation Planting Rate Sun/Shade Tolerance
Alkali Grass Puccinella distans 16" 3 - 4# pls lbs/acre reclamation planting .5 lbs/1000 sq. ft. 2 - Both
Alkali Sacaton Sporoolus airodes 10" - 15" 2 - 3 pls lbs/ac 1 - Very Sunny
Alpine Bluegrass Poa alpina 20" 1-3 pls lbs/acre 2 - Both
Annual Ryegrass Lolium perenne ssp. Multiflorum 18 inches annually Monostand rate: 12-15 lbs/acre drilled, 20-25 lbs/acre broadcast 2 - Both
Arizona Fescue Festuca arizonica 14" 3 pls lbs/acre 1 - Very Sunny
Basin Wildrye Leymus cinereus 8 inches 6-15 lbs/acre 2 - Both
Big Bluegrass Poa secunda ssp. ampla 11" 2-4 pls lbs 2 - Both
Big Bluestem Andropogon gerardii 12 inches 8-16 lbs/acre 1 - Very Sunny
Blue Grama Boueloua gracilis 10-14" annually 1.5 to 5 lbs/acre 1 - Very Sunny
Blue Wildrye Elymus glaucus 16 inches 12 PLS lbs/acre 2 - Both
Bluebunch Wheatgrass Pseudoroegneria spicata ssp. spicata 8 to 10 inches 6-20 lbs/acre 2 - Both
Bottlebrush Squirreltail Elymus elemoides 8" 7 - 12 lbs/ac 1 - Very Sunny
Buffalograss Bouteloua dactyloides 7 inches for lawns, 2-3 lbs/1,000 sq. ft. 2 - Both
Canada Bluegrass Poa compressa 15" - 18" 2 pls lbs/acre 2 - Both
Canada Wildrye Elymus canadensis 12 inches 10-15 PLS lbs/acre, drilled 2 - Both
Canby Bluegrass Poa secunda spp canbyi 10" 2-4 pls lbs/acre 1 - Very Sunny
Creeping Foxtail Alopecurus arundinaceus 18" 1-3 lb PLS/acre 2 - Both
Crested Wheatgrass Agropyron cristatum x desertorum 8 inches 5 to 12 lbs/acre 1 - Very Sunny
Fringed Brome Bromus ciliatus +30" 15 - 18 pls lbs/ac 2 - Both
Green Needlegrass Nassella viridula 12" 6 pls lbs - 10 pls lbs/ ac 2 - Both
Hard Fescue Festuca trachyphylla 12" 3 - 6 pls lbs/acre 1 - Very Sunny
Idaho Fescue Festuca idahoensis 14" - 20" 3 - 6# 1 - Very Sunny
Indian Ricegrass Achnatherum hymenoides 8" 6-12 pls lbs/acre 1 - Very Sunny
Intermediate Wheatgrass Thinopyrum intermedium 12" 10 to 15 PLS lbs/acre drilled 1 - Very Sunny
Kentucky Bluegrass – Forage type Poa pratensis 18" - 30" Forage seeding 10 - 15 blk lbs/ac 1 - Very Sunny
Letterman’s Needlegrass Stipa lettermanii 6" 6 - 8 pls lbs/ac 2 - Both
Little Bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium 10" annually 4-10 pls lbs/acre, drilled 1 - Very Sunny
Meadow Brome Bromus biebersteinii 14" minimum 16"+ for good stand 10 - 20# acre 1 - Very Sunny
Mountain Brome Bromus marginatus 16" 10 pls lbs/ac but not recommended for a mono stand 1 - Very Sunny
Muttongrass Poa fendleriana 10" 2-3 pls lbs 2 - Both
Needle & Thread Grass Hesperostipa comata spp. comata 7" - 12" 6 pls lbs/ac 1 - Very Sunny
Nodding Brome Bromus anomalus 14" 5-10# 2 - Both
Prairie Junegrass Koeleria macrantha 14" 1 pls lb/acre 2 - Both
Redtop Agrostis gigantea 30"+ 1pls lb/ac 1 - Very Sunny
Reed Canarygrass Phalaris arundinacea 16"+ 5 - 7 blk lbs/ac 1 - Very Sunny
Rocky Mountain Fescue Festuca saximontana 10"+ 1 - 3 pls lbs/acre 1 - Very Sunny
Sandberg Bluegrass Poa secunda spp sandbergii 8" 2-4 pls lbs/acre 1 - Very Sunny
Sheep Fescue Festuca ovina 12" 4# pls/acre or 1#/1000 sq. ft. 1 - Very Sunny
Smooth Brome Bromus inermis 12" - 18" 15# - 20# per acre 2 - Both
Tall Fescue Pasture Festuca arundinacea 18" minimum 15# - 20# per acre 2 - Both
Thurber Fescue Festuca thurberii 20" 3 - 5 pls lbs/acre 1 - Very Sunny
Timothy Phleum pratense 16"+ 3 - 5 pls lbs/ac 2 - Both
Tufted Hairgrass Deschampsia cespitosa 14" but also adapted to wetlands 1-2 pls lbs/ac 2 - Both
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