Mountain Lupine, a perennial legume, is part of a large genus that contains both wild and cultivated varieties. Mountain Lupine is native to the Rocky Mountain region, growing from the foothills to the subalpine zone from 6,000 to 10,500 feet elevation. It is commonly found in meadows and in open wooded areas, often in dense colonies. It is poisonous to livestock.
Mountain Lupine is a good addition to a pollinator garden, attracting both hummingbirds and insects to the showy blue to purple flower spikes. Although it can grow in partial shade, Mountain Lupine will produce more flowers in sunny locations. It does not like excessive heat. As it matures Mountain Lupine develops a deep tap root, which makes it somewhat drought tolerant (and also difficult to transplant). It can be started from seed by planting in well-drained soil from 1/8 to 1/4 inch deep. The seeds have a tough coat, so germination can be assisted by soaking the seeds in water for 24 hours before planting.
- Latin Name: Lupinus monticola
- Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9
- Height: Medium
- Sun/Shade Tolerance: 2 - Both
- Min. Precipitation: Somewhat drought tolerant; will produce more flowers with supplemental water
- Seeds Per Pound: 17,000
- Native/Introduced: Native
- Annual/Perrenial: Perennial
- Blossom Color: Blue
- Bloom Period: Summer
- Planting Rate: 1 lb/1,200 sq ft
- Variety Release Sheet:
- USDA Sheet: https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov/home/plantProfile?symbol=LUMO4
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