Perennial Lupine can be slow to establish, possibly taking an entire season to germinate. Once established, however, it can become a very showy display in the summer garden. As a legume, it is a nitrogen fixer. It attracts hummingbirds and butterflies and is a host for the larvae of several butterfly species.
Perennial Lupine is native to the eastern United States. It prefers sandy soil and can grow in full sun or partial shade. The flowers can be purple, blue, somewhere in-between, or rarely, pink or white. Avoid planting where livestock and pets can access, as Lupine seeds and plants are toxic to many animals when ingested.
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